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Ho Shin GWAK

Ho Shin GWAK, M.D., Ph.D.(full-time professor)
Faculty Appointment
(title, department)
Professor, Neurosurgery/ Neuro-oncology
Department of Cancer Control and Population Health
Area of Expertise
Neurosurgery/ Neuro-oncology
Work Experience
Fellowship: 1998~2000 Neurosurgery (Brain tumor &GammaKnife radiosurgery), Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

2006~2007, Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Neurosurgery, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA
2007~2008, Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Chemistry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA

Staff neurosurgeon:
2000~2006, Department of Neurosurgery, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Science, Seoul, Korea
2008~present, Neuro-oncology clinic, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea
Educational Background
Graduated School of Medicine, Seoul National University, Ph.D. (2004), Neurosurgery.
Graduated School of Medicine, Seoul National University, M.S.,(1995), Neurosurgery
College of Medicine, Seoul National University.M.D., (1990).
Research Interests (Please place in paragraph form)
Dr. Gwak is a neurosurgeon, whose expertise is treating brain tumors. He is a board member of both Korean Brain Tumor Society and Korean Society of Neuro-Oncology. Clinically, he has developed his career treating malignant brain tumors including gliomas and brain metastases. He is naturally involved in both radiation therapy and chemotherapy, which are main treatment methods for cancer therapy.
In clinical research work, he analyzed factors for radiation response, risk for radiation necrosis, chemotherapy for gliomas and in vitro chemo-sensitivity, and so on. His academic interests in cancer research lead him to radiation biology, cell biology, and mechanism of chemo-/ radio-resistance of cancer cell. His research work has been continued as post-doctoral fellowship in M.D. Anderson Cancer Center and Virginia Commonwealth University, USA. His basic research was focused on action of di-platinum compounds, differentcell cycle arrest/ cell death pathway according to the condition, and autophagy after radiation.
His clinical works are continued as multi-center, retrospective/ prospective study under the name of Korean Society of Neuro-Oncology (KNOG-1201, 1202 and 1204) and he takes part as secretary general or as subPI. From 2009, he has devoted himself to develop treatment methods for leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) metastasis of cancer). He has performed a pilot, phase 1 and phase 2 study of ventriculo-lumbar perfusion chemotherapy as PI. Recently, his translational research work is extended to find a biological/ phramocodynamic markers for leptomeningeal carcinomatosis in patient’s CSF.
International Collaboration
Member, Society for Neuro-Oncology (2007-present)
2022 SCI-E Different Metabolomic and Proteomic Profiles of Cerebrospinal Fluid in Ventricular and Lumbar Compartments in Relation to Leptomeningeal Metastases: METABOLITES. 12(1):80~ (5.581)

2021 SCI-E Experimental Assessment of Leptomeningeal Metastasis Diagnosis in Medulloblastoma Using Cerebrospinal Fluid Metabolomic Profiles: METABOLITES. 11(12):851~ (4.932)

2021 SCI-E Chimeric Antigen Receptor T Cells With Modified Interleukin-13 Preferentially Recognize IL13Rα2 and Suppress Malignant Glioma: A Preclinical Study: FRONTIERS IN IMMUNOLOGY. 12:715000~ (7.561)

2021 SCI-E Exploratory Profiling of Extracellular microRNAs in Cerebrospinal Fluid Comparing Leptomeningeal Metastasis with Other Central Nervous System Tumor Statuses: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. 10(21):4860~ (4.242)

2021 SCI-E Cerebrospinal fluid profiles and their changes after intraventricular chemotherapy as prognostic or predictive markers for patients with leptomeningeal carcinomatosis: JOURNAL OF KOREAN NEUROSURGICAL SOCIETY. 64(4):631~643 (1.729)

2021 SCI-E Evaluation of Serum neurofilament light chain and glial fibrillary acidic protein as screening and monitoring biomarkers for brain metastases: CANCERS. 13(9):2227~ (6.639)

2021 SCI-E Modulation of Nogo receptor 1 expression orchestrates myelin-associated infiltration of glioblastoma: BRAIN. 144(2):636~654 (13.501)

2021 SCI-E Molecular Signature of Extracellular Vesicular Small Non-Coding RNAs Derived from Cerebrospinal Fluid of Leptomeningeal Metastasis Patients: Functional Implication of miR-21 and Other Small RNAs in Cancer Malignancy: CANCERS. 13(2):209~ (6.639)

2020 SCI-E Nanoparticles in 472 human cerebrospinal fluid: Changes in extracellular vesicle concentration and miR-21 expression as a biomarker for leptomeningeal metastasis: CANCERS. 12(10):E2745~ (6.126)

2020 기타 Clinical Experience of Bevacizumab for Radiation Necrosis in Patients with Brain Metastasis: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment. 8(2):93~102 (0)

2020 SCI-E Comparative cerebrospinal fluid metabolites profiling in glioma patients to predict malignant transformation and leptomeningeal metastasis with a potential for preventive personalized medicine: EPMA JOURNAL. Online:Published (4.901)

2020 SCI-E ARS2/MAGL signaling in glioblastoma stem cells promotes self-renewal and M2-like polarization of tumor-associated macrophages: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS. 11(1):2978~ (12.121)

2020 SCI-E Postoperative radiotherapy for WHO grade II?III intracranial ependymoma in adults: An intergroup collaborative study(KROG 18-06/KNOG 18-01): RADIOTHERAPY AND ONCOLOGY. 150:4~11 (4.856)

2020 SCI-E CYFRA 21-1 levels in cerebrospinal fluid as a putative therapeutic monitoring biomarker for patients with leptomeningeal carcinomatosis: A pilot study: CANCER BIOMARKERS. 28(1):81~89 (3.436)

2020 SCI-E Dexamethasone Interferes with Autophagy and Affects Cell Survival in Irradiated Malignant Glioma Cells: JOURNAL OF KOREAN NEUROSURGICAL SOCIETY. Online:Published (1.376)

2019 기타 Efficacy of Slow Rate Ventriculolumbar Perfusion Chemotherapy for Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis: Interim Result of a Phase II Study: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment. 7(2):85~91 ()

2019 기타 Found at Old Age and Continuously Growing WHO Grade II Fourth Ventricle Ependymoma: A case report: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment. Online:Published (0)

2019 기타 Discordance of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Mutation between Brain Metastasis and Primary Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment. 7(2):137~140 (0)

2019 SCI Association of MRI findings with clinical characteristics and prognosis in patients with leptomeningeal carcinomatosis from non?small cell lung cancer: JOURNAL OF NEURO-ONCOLOGY. 143(3):553~562 (3.129)

2019 기타 Cerebrospinal Fluid CYFRA 21-1 as a Diagnostic Indicator for Leptomeningeal Metastasis in Cancer Patients: Journal of the Korean Neurological Association. 37(2):161~165 (0)

2019 SCI-E Clinical outcome of cerebrospinal fluid shunts in patients with leptomeningeal carcinomatosis: WORLD JOURNAL OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY. 17(1):59~59 (1.966)

2019 기타 Clinical outcome of proton therapy for patients with chordomas: Radiation Oncology Journal. 36(3):182~191 (0)

2018 SCI Local recurrence of brain metastasis reduced by intra-operative hyperthermia treatment: International Journal of Hyperthermia. 35(1):168~175 (3.44)

2018 SCI Impact of adjuvant treatments on survival in Korean patients with WHO grade II gliomas: KNOG 15-02 and KROG 16-04 intergroup study: Journal of neuro-oncology. 140(2):445~455 (3.06)

2018 기타 Double Sequential Ballooning(Eggshell) Method for Treatment of Severe Metastatic Compression Fractures with Extra-Compartment Involvement: In Comparison with Conventional Balloon Kyphoplasty: the nerve. 4(2):42~49 (0)

2018 SCI Treatment Results and Prognostic Factors of Brain Metastases From Ovarian Cancer: International journal of gynecological cancer. 28(8):1631~1638 (2.192)

2018 SCI-E A Novel Implantable Cerebrospinal Fluid Reservoir: A Pilot Study: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 61(5):640~644 (0.86)

2018 SCI Multi-institutional study of treatment patterns in Korean patients with WHO grade II gliomas: KNOG 15-02 and KROG 16-04 intergroup study: Journal of neuro-oncology. 138(3):667~677 (3.06)

2017 SCI Discordances in ER, PR, and HER2 between primary breast cancer and brain metastasis: Journal of Neuro-Oncology. 137(2):295~302 (2.98)

2017 SCI Developing chemotherapy for diffuse pontine intrinsic gliomas (DIPG): Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology. 120:111~119 (4.971)

2017 SCI-E Cerebrospinal fluid metabolomic profiles can discriminate patients with leptomeningeal carcinomatosis from patients at high risk for leptomeningeal metastasis: Oncotarget. 8(60):101203~101214 (5.168)

2017 기타 Clinical Results of Lumboperitoneal Shunt with a Valve Reservoir Compared with Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt: Nerve. 3(2):64~66 ()

2017 SCI-E Monitoring rate and predictability of intraoperative monitoring in patients with intradural extramedullary and epidural metastatic spinal tumors: Spinal cord. 55(1):906~910 (1.87)

2017 SCI Transglutaminase 2 inhibition reverses mesenchymal transdifferentiation of glioma stem cells by regulating C/EBPβ signaling: Cancer Research. 77(18):4973~4984 (9.122)

2017 SCI-E Diagnostic and prognostic values of cerebrospinal fluid CYFRA 21-1 in patients with leptomeningeal carcinomatosis: Oncotarget. 8(32):53326~53335 (5.168)

2017 SCI De novo cystic brain lesions mimicking neurocysticercosis in ALK-positive lung cancer: Lung Cancer. 110:53~55 (4.294)

2017 기타 Acute Spontaneous Subdural Hematoma of Arterial Origin: The Nerve. 3(1):12~14 ()

2016 SCI-E Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy with Temozolomide Followed by Adjuvant Temozolomide for Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma Patients: A Retrospective Multicenter Observation Study in Korea.: Cancer Research and Treatment. 49(1):193~203 (4.245)

2016 SCI-E Retrospective Analysis of Cerebrospinal Fluid Profiles in 228 Patients with Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis : Differences According to the Sampling Site, Symptoms, and Systemic Factors.: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 59(6):570~576 (0.599)

2016 SCI-E Effects of Postoperative Radiotherapy on Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis or Dural Metastasis After Resection of Brain Metastases in Breast Cancer Patients: Cancer Research and Treatment. Online:Published (4.245)

2016 SCI-E Guidelines for the use and interpretation of assays for monitoring autophagy (3rd edition).: Autophagy. 12(1):1~222 (9.108)

2015 SCI-E Percutaneous vertebroplasty for patients with metastatic compression fractures of the thoracolumbar spine: clinical and radiological factors affecting functional outcomes: The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society. 16(3):355~364 (2.426)

2015 SCI Clinical characteristics and follow-up of intracranial metastases from thyroid cancer: Acta neurochirurgica. 157(12):2185~2194 (1.766)

2015 기타 The Efficacy of Postoperative Chemotherapy for Patients with Metastatic Brain Tumors from Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment. 3(2):108~114 (0)

2015 기타 A Case of Radiation-Induced Osteosarcoma after the Treatment of Pineoblastoma.: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment. 3(2):156~159 (0)

2015 SCI-E Recent Advancements of Treatment for Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 58(1):1~8 (0.636)

2015 SCI Pigment Epithelium-Derived Factor (PEDF) Expression Induced by EGFRvIII Promotes Self-renewal and Tumor Progression of Glioma Stem Cells: PLoS biology. 13(5):1002152~1002152 (9.343)

2015 기타 A case of benign meningioma presented with subdural hemorrhage: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment. 3(1):30~33 (0)

2015 SCI-E Radiation-induced autophagy contributes to cell death and induces apoptosis partly in malignant glioma cells.: Cancer research and treatment. 47(2):221~241 (3.318)

2014 SCI Tetraarsenic oxide-induced inhibition of malignant glioma cell invasion in vitro via a decrease in matrix metalloproteinase secretion and protein kinase B phosphorylation.: Journal of neurosurgery. 121(6):1483~1491 (3.227)

2014 기타 Extraneural Metastases of Glioblastoma without Simultaneous Central Nervous System Recurrence: Brain tumor research and treatment. 2(2):124~127 (0)

2014 SCI-E Ventriculolumbar Perfusion Chemotherapy With Methotrexate for Treating Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis: A Phase II Study.: The oncologist. 19(10):1044~1045 (4.54)

2014 SCI-E Ventriculolumbar Perfusion Chemotherapy With Methotrexate for Treating Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis: A Phase II Study.: The oncologist. 19(10):1044~1045 (4.54)

2014 SCI The ubiquitin ligase human TRIM71 regulates let-7 microRNA biogenesis via modulation of Lin28B protein: Biochimica et biophysica acta-Gene Regulatory Mechanisms. 1839(5):374~386 (5.44)

2014 기타 Outcome of Surgical Resection of Symptomatic Cerebral Lesions in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients with Multiple Brain Metastases: Brain tumor research and treatment. 1(2):64~70 (0)

2013 SCI-E Temozolomide salvage chemotherapy for recurrent anaplastic oligodendroglioma and oligo-astrocytoma.: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 54(6):489~495 (0.556)

2013 SCI-E Intracavitary Radiation Therapy for Recurrent Cystic Brain Tumors with Holmium-166-Chico : A Pilot Study: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society.. 54(3):175~182 (0.556)

2013 SCI Analysis of treatment outcomes of intraventricular chemotherapy in 105 patients for leptomeningeal carcinomatosis from non-small-cell lung cancer.: Journal of thoracic oncology. 8(5):599~605 (4.473)

2012 SCI-E Single-stage posterior decompression and stabilization for metastasis of the thoracic spine: prognostic factors for functional outcome and patients' survival.: The spine journal. 12)12_:1083~1092 (3.29)

2012 SCI-E Silencing of MicroRNA-21 Confers Radio-Sensitivity through Inhibition of the PI3K/AKT Pathway and Enhancing Autophagy in Malignant Glioma Cell Lines.: PLOS ONE. 7(10):e47449~e47449 (4.092)

2012 기타 Progressive malignant transformation of recurrent meningioma: A case report.: Journal of Korean Brain Tumor Soc. 11(2):163~168 ()

2012 SCI-E Incidence and risk factors for leptomeningeal carcinomatosis in breast cancer patients with parenchymal brain metastases: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 52(3):193~199 (0.604)

2012 SCI Ventriculolumbar Perfusion Chemotherapy for the Treatment of Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis: A Phase I Study With Pharmacokinetic Data.: American journal of clinical oncology. Online:Published (2.005)

2012 SCI Risk for leptomeningeal seeding after resection for brain metastases: implication of tumor location with mode of resection.: Journal of Neurosurgery. 116(5):984~993 (2.965)

2011 SCI NF-κB and STAT3 cooperatively induce IL6 in starved cancer cells.: Oncogene. 31(29):3467~3481 (6.373)

2011 SCI-E Chemotherapy for malignant gliomas based on histoculture drug response assay: a pilot study: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 50:426~433 (0.607)

2011 SCI Chemoport with a non-collapsible chamber as a replacement for an Ommaya reservoir in the treatment of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis: Acta Neurochirugica. 153:1971~1978 (1.329)

2011 SCI Single-Dose Versus Fractionated Stereotactic Radiotherapy for Brain Metastases: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology and Physics. 81(2):483~489 (4.503)

2011 기타 Postoperative recurrence and growth rate of cystic brain metastases: Journal of Korean Brain Tumor Society. 10:91~96 ()

2011 SCI-E Surgical outcomes of hemorrhagic metastatic brain tumors: Cancer Research and Treatment. 43(2):102~107 ()

2011 SCI Downregulation of Spry2 by miR-21 triggers malignancy in human gliomas: Oncogene. 30(21):2433~2442 (7.414)

2011 SCI Growth rate of newly developed metastatic brain tumors after thoracotomy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer: Lung Cancer. 71(2):205~208 (3.356)

2010 SCI STAT3 transcriptional factor activated by reactive oxygen species induces IL6 in starvation-induced autophagy of cancer cells: Autophagy. 6:1125~1138 (6.829)

2010 기타 Histoculture Drug Response Assay for Brain tumors: a preliminary study for evaluability and compatibility: Journal of Korean Brain Tumor Society. 9:67~73 ()

2010 SCI The polynuclear platinum BBR3610 induces G2/M arrest and autophagy early and apoptosis late in glioma cells.: Neuro-Oncology. Online:Published (4.984)

2010 SCI Combined action of the dinuclear platinum compound BBR3610 with the PI3-K inhibitor PX-866 in glioblastoma.: International Journal of Cancer. Online:Published (4.722)

2010 SCI The expressions of carbonic anhydrase 9 and vascular endothelial growth factor in astrocytic tumors predict a poor prognosis: International Journal of Molecular Medicine. 26:3~9 (1.98)

2009 SCI-E Radiosurgery for recurrent brain metastases after whole-brain radiotherapy : factors affecting radiation-induced neurological dysfunction: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 45(5):275~283 (0)

2009 기타 Primary T-cell central nervous system lymphoma: Journal of Korean Brain Tumor Society. 8:72~75 ()

2006 SCI Hypo-fractionated Stereotactic radiation therapy for Skull Base and Upper Cervical Chordoma and Chondrosarcoma: Preliminary Results.: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery. 83:233~243 (1.195)

2006 SCI Usefulness of Fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose PET for Radiosurgery Planning and Response Monitoring in Patients with Recurrent Spinal Metastasis: Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery. 49:127~134 (0.914)

2005 SCI ACNU-Cisplatin Continuous Infusion Chemotherapy as Salvage Therapy for Recurrent Glioblastomas: Phase II study: Journal of Neurooncol. 75(2):173~180 (2.325)

2005 SCI Long-term outcome of trigeminal neurinomas with modified classification focusing on petrous erosion: Surgical Neurology. 60(1):39~48 (0.871)

2005 기타 Recent advances of radiosurgery for malignant brain tumors.: Journal of Korean Socieity of Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery. 1:51~60 ()

2005 SCI-E The Role of Surgery in the Treatment of Spinal Myeloma.: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 37(3):187~192 ()

2005 SCI Diarsenic and tetraarsenic oxide inhibit cell cycle progression and bFGF- and VEGF-induced proliferation of human endothelial cells.: Journal of cellular biochemistry. 95(1):120~130 (3.381)

2005 SCI Sulindac and its metabolites inhibit invasion of glioblastoma cells via down-regulation of Akt/PKB and MMP-2.: Journal of cellular biochemistry. 94(3):597~610 (3.381)

2004 SCI Arsenic trioxide sensitizes CD95/Fas-induced apoptosis through ROS-mediated upregulation of CD95/Fas by NF-kappaB activation.: International journal of cancer. 20;112(4):596~606 (4.555)

2004 SCI-E A case of pituitary fossa chondrosarcoma mimicking sellar and suprasellar mass.: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 36(6):499~502 ()

2003 SCI Tetraarsenic oxide induces apoptosis in U937 leukemic cells through a reactive oxygen species-dependent pathway.: International journal of oncology. 23:0~00 (2.295)

2003 SCI-E Postoperative Brain Abscess Caused by Co-infection of Aspergillus and Staphylococcus.: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 33(1):81~84 ()

2003 SCI-E The Analysis of Primary Origin in Spinal Metastasis Occurring as the Initial Manifestation of Malignancy.: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 33(1):30~35 ()

2002 SCI-E Prognostic Factors in Long-Term Survivors with Glioblastoma.: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 31(1):3~10 ()

2002 SCI-E Clinical Characteristics of Geriatric Brain Tumors.: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 32(6):525~534 ()

2002 SCI The experience of ligation of transverse or sigmoid sinus in surgery of large petroclival meningiomas.: Journal of Korean medical science. 17(4):544~548 (0.824)

2001 SCI-E Clinical Analysis of Atypical and Malignant Meningioma.: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 30(9):1103~1107 ()

2001 SCI-E Significance of Cerebral Venography in Surgery of Petroclival Meningioma.: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 30(10):1200~1209 ()

2001 SCI-E Malignant Transformation of Hemispheric Low-Grade Gliomas : Clinical Analysis and Prognostic Factors.: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 30(7):855~860 ()

2001 SCI-E Meningeal Hemangiopericytomas : Clinical Features, Treatment and Long-term Outcome.: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 30(7):876~882 ()

2001 SCI A cranio-orbital-zygomatic approach to dumbbell-shaped trigeminal neurinomas using the petrous window.: Skull base surgery. 11:157~164 ()

2000 SCI Meningioma Manifesting Intracerebral Haemorrhage: A Possible Mechanism of Hemorrhage.: Acta neurochirurgica. 142:165~168 (1.391)

2000 SCI Recurrent Symptomatic Rathke's Cleft Cyst : Case Report and Review of the Literature.: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 29:286~291 ()

2000 SCI-E urgical Results of 80 Patients with Growth Hormone-Producing Pituitary Adenomas : Analysis of Outcome and Prognostic Factors.: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 29(6):754~762 ()

2000 SCI-E Intracranial Chordomas and Chondrosarcomas : The Effectiveness of Surgery and Radiation Therapy.: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 29(7):910~917 ()

2000 SCI-E Treatment Outcome and Prognostic Factors of Cushing's disease in Adults.: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 29(10):1316~1321 ()

2000 SCI-E ercutaneous Vertebroplasty in Spinal Metastasis and Myeloma : 25 Cases Experience.: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 29(11):1484~1490 ()

2000 SCI-E Epidural Granulocytic Sarcoma Causing Cord Compression at Thoracic Region in Acute Myelogenous Leukemia.: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 29(11):1533~1537 ()

2000 SCI-E Presigmoid Transpetrosal Approach for Recurrent Acoustic Neurinomas : Indications and Surgical Results.: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 31(5):419~423 ()

2000 SCI Gamma knife radiosurgery for brain metastases: prognostic factors for survival and local control.: Journal of neurosurgery. 93:23~29 (1.99)

2000 SCI Postoperative Spinal Seeding of Craniopharyngioma - case report.: Journal of neurosurgery. 94(4):617~620 (1.99)

2000 SCI Intracerebral Hemorrhage After γ-Knife Surgery for Metastatic Brain Tumor. Case Report: Journal of Radiosurgery. 3(1):17~20 ()

1999 SCI-E Long-term Results of Surgical Treatment of Craniopharyngioma : Experience with 100 Adult Patients.: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 30(4):472~478 ()

1996 SCI-E The Operative Outcome of Primary Intramedullary Gliomas: Analysis of Related Factors: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 25(8):1584~1590 ()

1994 SCI-E The short-term result of microvascular decompression in trigeminal neuralgia and hemifacial spasm.: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 23(4):393~401 ()

1994 SCI-E Hemorrhage occurred after external ventricular dainage in medulloblastoma-report of 2 cases.: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 23(4):429~433 ()

1994 SCI Aneurysm at the origin of accessory middle cerebral artery associated with middle cerebral artery aplasia; case report.: Surgical neurology. 42:388~391 (1.112)

1992 SCI-E Solitary Thalamic Absecess: Report of Two Cases and Review of the Literature.: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. 21(12):1776~1782 ()